Quick Answer: What Causes Ethnic Cleansing?

What ended the Bosnian war?

April 6, 1992 – December 14, 1995Bosnian War/Periods.

How did ethnic cleansing come about?

The phrase “ethnic cleansing” came into wide usage in the 1990s, to describe the treatment suffered by particular ethnic groups during conflicts that erupted after the disintegration of the former Yugoslavia.

What are examples of ethnic cleansing?

Examples of ethnic cleansing understood in this sense include the Armenian massacres by the Turks in 1915–16, the Nazi Holocaust of European Jews in the 1930s and ’40s, the expulsion of Germans from Polish and Czechoslovak territory after World War II, the Soviet Union’s deportation of certain ethnic minorities from …

What are the effects of ethnic cleansing?

Conclusions: Ethnic cleansing has caused high rates of PTSD and depression, as well as other forms of psychological morbidity, in this group of resettled Bosnian refugees. The longitudinal sequelae of ethnic cleansing as a form of massive psychic trauma remain to be studied.

What was the purpose of ethnic cleansing in former Yugoslavia?

In the report, the ethnic cleansing in Bosnia and Herzegovina was singled out and described as a political objective of Serb nationalists who wanted to ensure control of territories with a Serb majority as well as “adjacent territories assimilated to them”.

Where is ethnic cleansing happening?

Part of Ethnic violence in South Sudan. In 2017 a new wave of government sanctioned ethnic cleansing against Rohingya Muslims amounting to genocide with thousands killed and many villages burned to the ground with their inhabitants executed has been reported in Myanmar.

How can ethnicity cause conflict?

Ethnic conflict arises if ethnic groups compete for the same goal—notably power, access to resources, or territory. … Violent conflict is caused mainly by social and political systems that lead to inequality and grievances and do not offer options for the peaceful expression of differences.

When was the last ethnic cleansing that took place on European soil?

The Srebrenica genocide of 1995, during which over 8,000 Bosnian Muslim men and boys were killed, was the worst atrocity on European soil since the Second World War. This massacre occurred in the midst of the systematic ethnic cleansing of Bosniak Muslims in the 1992-1995 Bosnian war.

Ethnic cleansing has not been defined and is not recognized as a crime under international law, according to the U.N. And in reality, the lines between ethnic cleansing and genocide are often blurred.

Which groups were targets of ethnic cleansing?

The Serbs targeted Bosniak and Croatian civilians in areas under their control, in what has become known as “ethnic cleansing.” During the subsequent civil war that lasted from 1992 to 1995, an estimated 100,000 people were killed, 80 percent of whom were Bosniaks.

What was the ethnic cleansing in Yugoslavia?

Starting in April 1992, Serbia set out to “ethnically cleanse” Bosnian territory by systematically removing all Bosnian Muslims, known as Bosniaks. Serbia, together with ethnic Bosnian Serbs, attacked Bosniaks with former Yugoslavian military equipment and surrounded Sarajevo, the capital city.

Did Serbia commit genocide in Kosovo?

Izbica massacre – Serbian forces killed about 93 Albanian civilians. Drenica massacre – there were 29 identified corpses discovered in a mass-grave, committed by Serbian law enforcement. Gornje Obrinje massacre – 18 corpses were found, but more people were slaughtered.